Forest and fire
management

Leadership

Sonae Arauco Portugal
Instituto Superior de Agronomia

investment

2M€

Slide Summary The first strategic line by Sonae Arauco and Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA), School of Agriculture (Technical University of Lisbon)and has an investment of 2M€ to implement strategies that create processes, products and services in the forest and fire management. More information Slide Genetic improvement Genetic improvement of forest species will contribute to reduce fire risk and to increase the income of forest landowners. More information Slide Forestry models and resilience This item from the first strategic line will answer questions related to forestry models and techniques and to pine row management. More information Slide Technology to forest knowledge This item from the first strategic line is related to the increase of Portuguese forest knowledge, for a better forest planning. More information Slide Technology to forest inventory This area is also focused on the use of technologies to simplify and automate the technical work of forest inventory. More information

Summary

The first strategic line is led by Sonae Arauco and Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA), School of Agriculture (Technical University of Lisbon) and has an investment of 2M€ to implement strategies that create processes, products and services in the forest and fire management.

Research is taken, on species/origins of Pinus spp that are more productive and better adapted to climate change, as well as new models of sustainable forest management for the main Portuguese forest species, in order to increase their productivity, resilience to fire and adaptability to climate change.

In addition, research work on digital and remote sensing technologies has been taken, allowing an advanced level of forest and forest biomass knowledge, at lower costs than the methods currently used.

This work area operates in the following items:

Implementation of strategies that creates processes, products and services in the forest and fire management.

Genetic improvement

Genetic improvement of forest species will contribute to reduce fire risk and to increase the income of forest landowners.

This area of expertise focuses on introducing Pinus spp., a more resilient and more productive specie, generating higher incomes and encouraging the reinvestment in the national forest..
que sejam mais resilientes, mais produtivas e que, através da geração de maiores rendimentos, possam fomentar o reinvestimento na floresta nacional.

In the last decades, the pine forest area has reduced in about 27%, due to fires, pests, diseases, and low productivity of the species caused by ineffective management practices. This low productivity blocks the reinvestment, increasing the risk of fire and jeopardizes the entire value chain.

With these challenges, there are no doubts about the importance of renewing the pine row with more resilient and more productive species.

Activities

The area of Genetic improvement will do the following activities:

Research forest species that are more productive and adapted to climate change

Introduce forest species on the market, increasing income generated by forest landowners

Forestry models and resilience

The focus of this area of activity is the development of silvicultural models that will improve the application of the best methodologies to enhance the forestry assets.

In Portugal, there are still many questions to answer about pine forests management, concerning to natural regeneration pine stands (ie, regeneration of trees resulting from fires or logging), such as “What is the ideal size of trees to be reduced?”, or “How to reduce the number of trees?”. In addition, more than 28 thousand km of overhead electric power lines are present in forest areas and part of this network integrates the secondary network of fuel management areas for passive protection of infrastructures and isolation of potential ignition sources.

And this is how is born the need to develop new forestry models for different contexts to benefit natural regeneration of maritime pine stands.

Development of new silviculture models to benefit natural regeneration

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Activities

The area of Genetic improvement will do the following activities:

Development of new silviculture models

Appreciation of the existing technical provisions in the applicable legal framework

Development of models for the management of vegetation in protection zones and fuel management areas for power lines

Creation of a technical manual to support the installation of new Pinusspp plantations

Creation of a technical manual to support the use and management of natural regeneration

Creation of a technical manual for vegetation management under overhead powerlines

Technology to forest knowledge

Allow more information to be collected, with lower labor costs.

Using new technologies for best known the forest, rePLANT will collect information and evaluate the current state of the forests, which represents the initial phase of adequate forest planning.

In Portugal, sensors and technologies are already used to complement, and sometimes replace, the ordinary way for forestry information (eg. sampling and measurement of parcels on the ground).

These new remote sensing equipment allow more information to be collected, with lower labor costs. In addition, there is also knowledge about data processing that supports decisions. Therefore, it is necessary to combine technology and existing knowledge, to apply them concerning the Portuguese forest. In addition, there is also knowledge about data processing that supports decisions.

Therefore, it is necessary to combine technology and existing knowledge, to apply them concerning the Portuguese forest.

Focus

Technology to Forest Knowledge area will focus on:

Creation of the Online Forest Occupation Map

Creation of potential biomass estimation maps

Collect specific forest information

Technology to forest inventory

This area of expertise will test the use of mobile apps for collecting dendrometric data to reduce significantly the costs associated with this process.

There is a growing interest about the development and use of smartphone apps for forest inventory, as they allow a very high simplification and automation of work. However, there is still a lack of evidence on the quality of measurements and estimates about the real costs and benefits of using these solutions in Portuguese eucalyptus and maritime pine stands.

Therefore, it’s important to gather sufficient evidence to support a more frequent use of this type of solutions.

Growing interest about the development and use of smartphones apps.

Activities

In this work area, rePLANT will do the following activities:

Adapt the existing solutions to the Portuguese forest approach

Real tests in pilot Portuguese areas

Compare measurements obtained using conventional techniques